Sometimes, oral problems do not only revolve around the teeth. Other times, it is all about what holds them in place—the gums. Gum or periodontal diseases are bacterial infections that affect the gums and tooth-supporting tissues, resulting in various oral problems over time.
They can range from mild gingivitis to severe periodontitis, leading to tooth loss and other serious health problems. If left untreated, gum diseases can cause irreversible damage to your oral health. But how do you know you need gum disease treatment? Here are the symptoms to watch out for.
1. Bleeding Gums
Healthy gums shouldn’t bleed when you brush or floss your teeth. If your gums bleed easily, it could be a sign of gum disease. Gum bleeding is usually caused by inflammation and infection, which can weaken the gum tissues and cause them to bleed.
One of the most common causes of gum bleeding is poor oral hygiene. When you do not brush and floss your teeth regularly, plaque and bacteria can build up in your mouth, causing inflammation and infection in your gums.
2. Inflamed Gums
Inflammation is a common sign of gum disease, as it is how the body signals an injury or an infection. It occurs when the gums become red, swollen, and tender. Inflammation is usually caused by bacterial infection, which can irritate and damage the gum tissues.
In the case of gum disease, inflammation occurs when the body’s immune system responds to the presence of bacteria in the gums. The bacteria produce toxins that can irritate and damage the gum tissues, leading to inflammation.
3. Receding Gums
Gum recession is when the gums pull back from the teeth, exposing the tooth roots. Receding gums can be caused by gum disease, brushing too hard, or other factors. If left untreated, gum recession can lead to tooth sensitivity, decay, and tooth loss.
4. Bad Breath
Chronic bad breath, also known as halitosis, is a common symptom of gum disease. Bad breath is usually caused by the buildup of bacteria in the mouth, which can produce foul-smelling gasses. People with an ongoing problem in their gums can experience bad breath.
As a result, people around them might smell something bad while they breathe, talk, or even open their mouths. Sadly, brushing and using mouthwash alone is insufficient in solving lousy breath. Instead, consulting with a dentist should help provide better answers.
5. Oral Pus
Pus is a thick, yellowish fluid the body produces in response to infection. It could be a sign of gum disease if you notice pus around your gums or teeth. Oral pus is usually caused by bacterial infection, which can damage the gum tissues and tooth-supporting structures.
6. Tooth Sensitivity
Tooth sensitivity is a common symptom of gum disease. It occurs when the gum tissues recede, exposing the tooth roots. Exposed tooth roots are more sensitive to temperature changes and pressure, which can cause pain and discomfort.
7. Bite Changes
Gum disease can cause changes in your bite, affecting your ability to chew and speak. Bite changes are usually caused by tooth loss or shifting, which can result from gum disease. Therefore, teeth do not stay in the places where they used to be, causing a misalignment on the bite.
8. Loose Teeth
Having loose teeth is a severe symptom of gum disease. It occurs when the gum tissues and tooth-supporting structures are damaged to the point where the teeth become loose and unstable. Losing teeth can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems if left untreated.
If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek gum disease treatment as soon as possible. Early treatment can help prevent further damage to your oral health and reduce your risk of tooth loss and other serious health problems. Contact your dentist today to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards a healthier, happier smile.
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